Japanese Gardening / 日本の園芸

 

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Japanese Gardening Organization

  Bamboo Fences



Daimyo Fence | Katsura Fence | Kennin-ji Fence

Yotsume Fence

Bamboo fencing is a valuable element in Japanese gardening. It is a way to create a special space while adding beauty at the same time. The Yotsume-gaki 四目垣 is a well-known style and one of the easiest to build. The photos are taken at Otsuka Bamboo in Kyoto, Japan. For a demonstration of Japanese fence knot, see Otoko musu.


Mr. Yuji Otsuka marks the upright post boards with the desired heights for horizontal culms. This varies according to the height of the fence.

horizontal measure


A sharp bamboo saw is used with a cutting box to aid in making a smooth straight cut.

cutting bamboo


Cutting the vertical culms at a node prevents the cut pieces from collecting water. Therefore, the upper end is selected and cut before measuring the length for bottom cuts.

node cut


The oshibuchi 押縁 or horizontal culms are selected paying attention to node placement. You will want to position nodes aesthetically while avoiding conflicts with vertical pieces.

begin assembly


Once the horizontal culms are selected and positioned, they are predrilled for attachment to the posts.

predrill holes


Here, the horizontal culms are attached using 6p galvanized ring-shank nails. Drive them just until snug. Do not crush or crack the culms as this will weaken and reduce the life of the fence.

nailing culms


This time, the kakiko 垣子 or vertical culms are selected for node position. Remember you want to end up with a cut just above a node at the top of vertical culms.

upright measure

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The end and center vertical culms are spaced within the section and tied. See Otoko musu to watch a video on how to tie the knot. (Notice the bamboo saw-horses?)

first ties


Here you can see that the opposite side culms have been experimentally placed to aid in design decisions.

more ties


Now the opposite side double culms are placed. It is easy to see the node cuts at the top of these culms.

starting doubles

The culms can be ties with thin copper wire and overtied with the black palm rope to insure a longer lasting tie.


tieing doubles


Otsuka-san is now wrapping the center two horizontal culms and securing the vertical culms. Notice the double cross through the double vertical culms.

lacing


The finished model. If desired, it is possible to construct the sections with the aid of a bench or other work area, then transfer them to the permanent posts in the garden.

finished fence

 

by Don Pylant, Kyoto Japan, 2001

See other fence styles here:
Daimyo Fence | Katsura Fence | Kennin-ji Fence


needle

 

 

 

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